Keep up with the latest spot price of gold to better manage your gold investments and understand the best time to trade. Whatever your gold investment objectives, from hedging to income growth or diversification, keeping an eye on the gold rate in South Africa is critical for your investment strategy.

The gold price (ZAR) in South Africa Today:

What affects the price of gold?

Many factors have an impact on the performance of gold. Gold typically performs well in times of perceived stock market risk as a safe haven investment. Gold’s rally over the last five years was fuelled by a range of stock market risks, including the US/China trade wars, Brexit, and more recently the U.S general election.

As the world grappled with the impact and fallout of the Covid-19 pandemic on industries, commerce and economies during 2020, investor uncertainty rose to depression-level stock market flight, which drove the price of gold to its highest recorded value of $2 067.15/oz in August.

In South Africa, the price of gold is further impacted by the exchange rate between the South African Rand and US Dollar (USD).

How has gold performed over the last 20 years?

Gold has performed remarkably over the last 20 years, having increased in value by over 558% since 2001, where it traded around the $271/oz. mark (down from $320/oz. the year before).

Beginning in 2000 in the wake of the ‘dot-com crash’ of internet-related company stock, up until registering its then-highest spot-price of $1 928 in 2011, gold experienced a tremendous, near-perfect run, interrupted only by the 2007-2008 financial crisis.

The next decade saw falling commodity prices as the market entered a period of correction following the previous years of super cycle, with gold falling to a low of $1 062.63 on December 14, 2015.

A general rally over the next five years culminated in 2020, where on August 7, gold traded at its highest price ever of $2 067.15/oz, where investor fears during the coronavirus pandemic drove the metal to unprecedented value.

Read more about investing in gold in 2021 and why now is the best time to invest in gold shares.

Gold Stats in South Africa

  • In 2020, South Africa produced an estimated 90 tonnes of gold, down from 101.3 tonnes in 2019.
  • South Africa is now the world’s 10th largest producer of gold. It is the 2nd largest producer of gold in Africa, after Ghana (since 2019). South Africa produces 4.2% of the world’s annual gold output.
  • Gold contributed about 14% of South Africa’s revenue from minerals, behind PGM (platinum, palladium and rhodium) sales (28%) and coal (25%). Sales from South Africa’s mines were valued at R72.6 billion in 2019.
  • South Africa is home to the world’s deepest mines, including Mponeng (near Johannesburg) and Driefontein mines, which have a vertical depth of nearly 4 000 m.
  • The first gold discovery in South Africa was alluvial gold, found in the Barberton area in the 1880s.
  • There are currently 28 operational gold mines in South Africa, and an additional 58 mining projects in various phases of development
  • The Witwatersrand basin is the world’s largest gold resource and has produced about 40% of the world’s mined gold.
Statistics of the gold rate in South Africa.

Tracking the gold rate in South Africa

Gold mining in South Africa can be divided into four phases:

The first stage covers the period from first discovery in the 1880s to the Union of South Africa in 1910. The period is marked by rapid growth in gold mining activities, both in the area around Barberton as well as the Witwatersrand, and interrupted only by the Anglo Boer War from 1899-1902.

The second phase, from 1911 to 1950, is characterised by slowing growth rate, largely due to the outbreak of the First World War, the Rand Rebellion in 1922, the effects of the Great Depression in the late 1920s, and finally the Second World War. Gold production in this phase peaked at approximately 450 tonnes in 1941.

During the third phase, South Africa’s gold production grew remarkably, from 400 tonnes in 1951 to 950 tonnes in 1965, through new goldfields in Carletonville, Klerksdorp, the Free State and Evander areas becoming operational.

Apart from the period 1966 – 1970, the fourth phase is characterised by a general decline in mining production, from 1 000 tonnes of gold mines in 1970, to 90 tonnes in 2020.

The current gold rate of production in South Africa

South Africa produced a reported 90 tonnes of gold in 2020; down from 101.3 tonnes in 2019, and 117 tonnes in 2018. South Africa’s gold output reached a peak in 1970, where, as the world’s #1 producer of the precious metal, over 1 000 tonnes of gold were produced.

Frequently asked questions:

What is the price of gold in South Africa?

The current spot price of gold in South Africa is R25 374.38/oz. Gold began the year at R29 576.80, up from R22 089.10 a year earlier. The spot gold price in South Africa is also heavily impacted by the fluctuating Rand / Dollar exchange rate.

What is the highest price of gold in history?

The highest price of gold ever recorded occurred on August 7 2020, where gold traded at $2 067.15. This occurred in the midst of stock market uncertainty during the early months of the Covid-19 pandemic. Gold’s previous highest price was on September 6, 2011, when it briefly touched $1 928/oz.

Is gold cheap in South Africa?

Even after decades of gold mining in South Africa, there are still gold projects where it is mined cheaply. At Pan African Resources’ tailings retreatment plants, Barberton and Elikhulu, gold is mined at all-in sustaining costs of just $643/oz. and $708/oz. respectively.

What is the price of gold per gram in South Africa?

The current price per gram of gold is R815.80. An ounce is 28,35 grams. For a kilo of gold, expect to pay R815,520.95. View our gold price chart to see the live gold price.

How can I buy gold?

You can buy physical gold bullion, gold coins (such as the Krugerrand) and gold bars, as well as jewellery; or invest in gold mining stocks or exchange-traded funds (ETFs).

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